Download Question Bank S.S.C. Gujarati Medium 20-21:Information and communication technology services have expanded significantly in every sphere of life in the last three decades. The education sector is no exception. Through the oral tradition of ancient Gurukul and Ashram, education has set many steps.
The whole landscape of reading has changed a lot in this second decade of the 21st century, going through the more or less traditional black and chalk of the last century. Today’s school education is becoming equipped with modern tools and techniques. Ordinary blackboards have been replaced by smartboards and various types of marker pens have replaced chalk. The stick used to point has been replaced by a laser pointer. Slide projectors and LCD projectors are now becoming an essential requirement for every class.
The prevalence of audio-visual system in education is gradually increasing. Touch screen boards are now being used in schools for easy and better presentation. The modus operandi of the education system is changing very fast. School, college and university education is being adversely affected due to the lockdown implemented to curb the growing effects of the COVID-19 epidemic. As a result, education is now rapidly moving towards e-learning.
This article discusses the growing role of e-learning, its features and the challenges in this field.
What is meant by e-learning?
E-learning refers to education received with the help of internet and other communication tools in its place.
There are various forms of e-learning, including web based learning, mobile based learning or computer based learning and virtual classrooms etc. From today, when the concept of e-education came many years ago, the world was not so comfortable with it, but with the passage of time, e-education has made its place in the entire educational system.
Types of e-learning
E-learning can be divided into two categories-
Synchronous educational system- This educational system implies that ‘at the same time’ i.e. students and teachers communicate with each other from different places. When learning a subject in this way, students get to know the immediate answer to their questions, which also removes their doubts related to that subject. This is why it is also called real time learning. In this type of e-learning system, study material is made available to the students with the help of many online tools. Some examples of synchronous e-learning systems include audio and video conferencing, live chat and virtual classrooms. These methods have become more popular in the last few years.
Asynchronous educational system- This educational system implies that ‘not in one time’ i.e. there is no alternative to real time educational communication between student and teacher. In this system, information related to the course is already available. For example web based study, in which students learn with the help of an online course, blog, website, video tutorials, e-books etc. The biggest advantage of such an e-educational system is that students can access educational courses at any time, whenever they want. This is why a large section of students prefer to do their studies through asynchronous educational system.
E-Education is one of the key areas identified by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology for providing education using educational tools and media. In fact, e-education is in its infancy in India right now.
The government has supported various e-learning programs to promote e-learning. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is actively emphasizing on developing equipment and technology to promote it.
The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is encouraging research and research projects focused on e-learning in various educational institutions. These include textbook development, research and development initiatives, projects related to human resource development and faculty training initiatives to improve literacy through distance learning
Download Question Bank S.S.C. Gujarati Medium 20-21
With the number of Internet users in India expected to reach 900 million by the year 2025, India has the potential to create a huge market in the field of e-learning. A large number of new users are accessing e-learning through internet and other communication devices.
Government’s efforts to increase e-learning
Study Web of Active Learning for Young Aspiring Minds (SWAYAM) is an integrated platform that provides online curriculum from school (9th-12th) to postgraduate level.
So far 2769 large scale online courses (Massive Open Online Courses- MOOC) have been offered on SWAYAM, in which about 1.02 crore students have enrolled in various courses.
Online courses are being used not only by students but also by teachers and non-student learners as ever learning in life.
It is an initiative to provide 32 high quality educational channels through Direct to Home (DTH) all over the country on 24X7 basis.
It consists of curriculum based text material which covers various topics.
Its primary objective is to bring quality teaching resources to remote areas where the availability of the Internet remains a challenge.
National Digital Library
The National Digital Library of India (NDL) is a project to develop a framework for a virtual repository of learning resources under a Single-Window Search Facility.
Through this, more than 3 crore digital resources are available here.
More than 50 lakh students with around 20 lakh active users have registered in it.
There are 10 minutes of audio-video tutorials available on open source software to improve the employability of students.
This is an online version designed for self-learning with the availability of all 22 languages.
The curriculum is designed to effectively train new users without the presence of a teacher through spoken tutorials.
Free and Open Source Software for Education
This is a project promoting the use of open source software in educational institutions.
In this, teaching work, such as spoken tutorials, documentation, awareness programs, such as conferences, training workshops, etc., is done through internships.
About 2,000 college students and teachers have participated in this activity in this project.